Fishing Lures For All Species
Artificial lures have been a part of fishing for centuries. In as early as 2000B.C. lures were made from bone and bronze. In the early 1900's mass production of fishing lures turned a hand-made craft item into a commercially made product. These new lures were sought by avid fishermen from coast to coast. Today the manufacture of fishing lures is a multi-billion dollar industry.
Fishing lures are designed to catch specific species of fish, but will often attract other fish as well. It is not uncommon to catch crappie, walleye, sunfish, catfish and others on a lure designed specifically for bass. Each lure is created as an imitation of something fish like to eat. They range in size from tiny trout flies imitating insects to foot-long lures posing as worms, snakes, frogs and bait fish.
The vast majority of bass lures imitate bait fish (shad, minnows and other small fish), crawfish (or crawdads), shrimp (and other crustaceans), frogs, worms, snakes, ducks and other natural food sources. Different bass-fishing lures are designed to be fished at varying depths ranging from floating surface lures to heavy jigs and worms fished to a depth of 60' or more. See details on the bass fishing lures page displaying lures by category for various fishing conditions.
Most trout are caught on flies which imitate their primary food source, insects. Trout have small mouths and eat large quantities of small insects until they are large enough to eat bait fish, worms, fish eggs and small crustaceans. See the trout files and lures page for a sampling of the most commonly used trout lures.
Crappie love minnows. Most crappie jigs and lures are designed to imitate minnows or other small fish. Other small sunfish lures are simply the smaller versions of crappie baits. Visit the crappie lures page for a listing of the most popular crappie jigs and lures.
For the most part, walleye lures are small versions of popular bass fishing lures. The mouth of a walleye is smaller than that of bass so it feeds on smaller portions of the same menu as bass. Walleye fishing lures are generally fished slower as well. See the walleye lures page for samples and tips.
Fishing lures imitate the food source.
Knowing what the primary food sources are, and how deep the fish are on a given day, are the two most important factors when selecting a lure. Experiment with color, size and presentation to let the fish tell you their preference throughout the day.