Maryland Panfish Fishing
All about fishing for sunfish in MD lakes and ponds.
Throughout the state of Maryland you can find waters with populations of sunfish, including bluegill, redear sunfish, rock bass, white perch and yellow perch.
One or more species of sunfish populate virtually all warm water streams, ponds and lakes throughout Maryland, and around the world for that matter. They can survive in waters that provide their natural food source of minnows, insects, crustaceans and worms. Their competitive nature amongst themselves, for food, makes them relatively easy to catch.
Panfish are everywhere. They are a major part of food source for larger, predator fish. They also make a pretty tasty fish fry. Larger individual fish tend to come from private ponds while the larger schools of common-size fish tend to be found in larger impoundments like Deep Creek Lake, Jennings Randolph Lake, Liberty Reservoir, Little Seneca Lake, Loch Raven Reservoir, Prettyboy Reservoir, Rocky Gorge Reservoir, St. Mary's Lake, Triadelphia Reservoir and Youghiogheny River Lake.
The term "panfish" comprises many species, each called by a variety of names. The bluegill tops the list and is the most common.
The state record bluegill was caught from Deep Creek Lake. The state record white perch was caught from Loch Raven Lake while its yellow counterpart, the yellow perch, was caught from a private pond. Gilbert Run yielded the state record redear sunfish. So if you live near virtually any fishing waters, you probably have panfish for neighbors.
In-state panfish, sunfish and perch
World record: 4 lbs 12 oz
State Record: 3 lbs 7 oz
World record: 5.4 lbs
State Record: 2 lbs 5 oz
World record: 3.0 lbs
State Record: 1 lbs 8 oz
World record: 2.4 lbs
State Record: 0 lbs 9.76 oz
World record: 4.6 lbs
State Record: 1 lbs 11 oz
World record: 4 lbs 3 oz
State Record: 3 lbs 5 oz
By clicking on the images and links above, you will be taken to a page offering more information about the selected species.
Bluegill Fishing Basics Video
The core principles shown in this video will work for most sunfish, perch and other panfish.
Panfish are prolific spawners and repopulate the waters as fast as they are harvested. A common problem with panfish fishing is that the waters are under-fished causing panfish to overpopulate. As a result they tend to stay small in size due to lack of food source.
Sunfish information in other states.
Learn the lifecycle of a panfish
There is a host of panfish anglers can pursue. Visit the panfish fishing page for details on many of these sunfish you might encounter in Maryland fishing waters. The panfish fishing videos offer a first hand look a anglers catching panfish.