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Freshwater Fish Species

Find species and varieties, by state.

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Locate information by clicking the images below. Or, choose a state below to find information about fresh-water fish in that state. The site focuses primarily on freshwater lakes, but also provides some information about ponds, rivers and streams.

Bass

Largemouth Bass

Largemouth bass

These are the most sought after sport fish and can be found in all states except AK and HI.

Smallmouth Bass

Smallmouth bass

Native to northern waters but can be found in all state except Alaska and Hawaii.

Spotted Bass

Spotted bass

Found in 23 states, primarily in the southern and eastern region of the United States.

Shoal Bass

Shoal bass

Found in Florida and Georgia. Also in some Alabama waters but is catch and release only.

Redeye Bass

Redeye bass

Native to the Coosa River system redeye are found in FL, GA, NC, SC and TN

Fishing for catfish

Channel Catfish

Channel catfish

Most popular, and is available in all but five states.

Flathead Catfish

Flathead catfish

Grows to over 100 pounds and exists in two thirds of the states.

Blue Catfish

Blue catfish

The biggest species of cats in the US and available in more than half the states.

White Catfish

White catfish

Resides in one third of the states in backwaters and muddy ponds.

Crappie

Black Crappie

Black crappie

The larger of the two, it is found in all but two states.

White Crappie

White crappie

Also found in all states other than Alaska and Hawaii.

Walleye

Walleye

Walleye Fishing

This great tasting, white meat fish is found in three fourths of the states.

Panfish

Bluegill

Bluegill

The most popular of all panfish is found in all the United States.

Flier Sunfish

Flier sunfish

Found in less than ten states in the southeast sector of the country.

Green Sunfish

Green sunfish

Found in over half the states, the green sunfish grows to over 2 lbs.

Hybrid Sunfish

Hybrid sunfish

Grows to over two pounds and found in more than a dozen states.

Longear Sunfish

Longear sunfish

Found in seven states in the southern/eastern sectors of the US.

Pumpkinseed Sunfish

Pumpkinseed sunfish

One third of the states harbor these sunfish which prefer coldish waters.

Redbreast Sunfish

Redbreast sunfish

Less than ten states house this hefty sunfish with very colorful males.

Redear Sunfish

Redear sunfish

One of the larger panfish, the redear is available in about half the states.

Rock Bass

Rock bass

Generally under three pounds, rock bass are found in half the states.

Soptted Sunfish

Spotted sunfish

Found in less than ten states, they rarely exceed one-half pound.

Tilapia

Tilapia

This plant-eating sunfish is only found in a half-dozen states.

Warmouth

Warmouth

Located in almost half the states, the warmouth grows to over two pounds.

White Bass

White Bass

The largest of US sunfish, white bass tend to travel in schools.

White Perch

White perch

Excellent tasting sunfish which grows to over four pounds.

Yellow Bass

Yellow bass

This schooling fish averages less than one-half pound.

Yellow Perch

Yellow perch

The second most popular sunfish grows to well over three pounds.

Trout

Rainbow Trout

Rainbow trout

Great tasting and swims in chilly waters in all but a few states.

Cutthroat Trout

Cutthroat trout

A favorite in almost twenty states the cutthroat grows to over forty pounds.

Brook Trout

Brook trout

The brook is found in cold streams and creeks in nearly forty states.

Brown Trout

Brown trout

Found in over forty states this fighter is a favorite of many trout anglers.

Lake Trout

Lake trout

The largest of the trouts, lake trout can exceed seventy pounds.

Golden Trout

Golden trout

Found in limited western states the golden is the smallest of the trouts.

Salmon

Atlantic Salmon

Atlantic salmon

Found in over a dozen states, it grows to around eighty pounds.

Chinook Salmon

Chinook salmon

Less than ten states sport the chinook grows to over 30 pounds.

Chum Salmon

Chum salmon

Found in AK, OR and WA the chum is aka dog salmon and blue backs.

Coho Salmon

Coho salmon

This popular salmon grows to around thirty pounds.

Kokanee Salmon

Kokanee salmon

These landlocked sockeye salmon seldom reach ten pounds.

Pink Salmon

Pink salmon

Found in AK and WA the pink salmon grows to over a dozen pounds.

Sockeye Salmon

Sockeye salmon

Averaging five to six pounds, the sockeye is found in AK, ID and WA.

Striped bass

Striped Bass

Stripers

Landlocked stripers can exceed sixty pounds and reside in forty states.

Hybrid Striped Bass

Hybrid striped bass

A cross between a striped bass and a white bass.

Steelhead

Steelhead Fishing

Steelhead

These sea-run rainbow trout are found in less than ten states.

Other species

Alligator Gar

Alligator gar

Found primarily in southeastern states this gar comes in large sizes.

Bowfin

Bowfin

Great fighter but poor tasting the bowfin prefers warmer waters.

Chain Pickerel

Chain pickerel

Less than ten pounds with nasty teeth, they eat any smaller fish.

Longnose Gar

Longnose gar

Grows to over twenty pounds and lives in close to half the states.

Muskie

Muskie

Lives in northern, cooler waters and grows to over sixty pounds.

Northern Pike

Northern pike

Native to cold water in the north, they now reside in over forty states.

Paddlefish

Paddlefish

Bring heavy tackle as these guys grow to over six hundred pounds.

Sauger

Sauger

Found in over a dozen mid-western states, they are excellent table fare.

Saugeye

Saugeye

Mix of sauger and walleye are also found in over a dozen states.

Spotted Gar

Spotted gar

Up to ten pounds, it is found in the Mississippi River drainage system.

Sturgeon

Sturgeon

Found in nine states, this prehistoric fish grows to monster size.

Tiger Muskie

Tiger muskie

More than half the states house them and they grow to over fifty pounds.

By clicking on the images and links above, you will be taken to a page offering more information about the selected fish. Find details about the life cycle, plus tips on how to locate and catch them. Each page also provides links to state pages with a list of lakes where each can be found.

 

Fish species and fishing opportunities by state.

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