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South Dakota Trout Fishing

All about fishing for rainbow, cutthroat, brook, brown and lake trout in South Dakota lakes and streams.

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Trout fishing in South Dakota

SD Trout Fishing Waters

Creeks, streams and rivers provide a majority of the trout fishing in South Dakota. However, a few of the major lakes contain schools of trout including Lake Oahe, Shadehill Reservoir, Deerfield Lake and Canyon lake. Visit the South Dakota Division of Wildlife website for information about trout fishing in SD. Click here for additional information about trout stocking in South Dakota.

Watch trout fishing videos to see trout anglers in action.

Brown Trout
Brown trout being released.

The 5 primary trouts are the rainbow, brook, brown, cutthroat and lake trout. Browns are considered the most difficult to catch and brookies are the easiest. Pure cold water is key to survival of the trouts.

Big rainbow trout swim in South Dakota waters. Grab some gear and go trout fishing soon!

South Dakota Record Trout

The South Dakota state record brook trout was taken out of Deerfield Lake and the SD state record brown trout was caught in Canyon Lake. Rapid Creek produced the state record cutthroat trout and Pactola Reservoir gave up the state record lake trout. The Missouri River - Oahe Tailwaters was home to the SD state record rainbow trout and Whitewood Creek served up the SD state record tiger trout.

Additional trout fishing information

Cutthroat Trout Conservation

Trout Conservation

Fishing for trout in South Dakota

Rainbow Trout

Rainbow trout

World record: 42 lbs 2 oz

SD State Record: 19 lbs 4 oz

Cutthroat Trout

Cutthroat trout

World record: 41 lbs 0 oz

SD State Record: 6 lbs 5 oz

Brook Trout

Brook trout

World record: 14 lbs 8 oz

SD State Record: 12 lbs 0 oz

Brown Trout

Brown trout

World record: 40 lbs 4 oz

SD State Record: 24 lbs 8 oz

Lake Trout

Lake trout

World record: 72 lbs 0 oz

SD State Record: 30 lbs 0 oz

By clicking on the images and links above, you will be taken to a page offering more information about the selected species.

Trout fishing waters and information, by state.


The habits of trout.

Trout are considered some of the most difficult fish to fool. Once you locate South Dakota waters with a population of trout, the challenge becomes identifying trout flies and lures that will trigger strikes. Visit the trout fishing page to learn more about the habitat each of the trouts prefer.

Fishing boats and boat rentals

Best trout fishing in South Dakota!